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農業農村部:重點支持規?;B殖場發展

2023-09-28 10:30:01 來源:農業農村部 閱讀量:19449 評論

導讀:近日,農業農村部針對關于重點支持規?;B殖場發展的建議,進行答復。

  【農機網 熱點關注】近日,農業農村部針對關于重點支持規?;B殖場發展的建議,進行答復。
 
  一、關于促進生豬規?;B殖疫病防控水平整體提升
 
  近年來,農業農村部出臺多項政策措施,支持生豬規模養殖場做好疫病防控工作,不斷提升防疫能力和生物安全水平。一是加大對規模養殖場建設的金融支持。農業農村部聯合中國人民銀行,建立農業農村基礎設施融資項目庫,涵蓋包括生豬規模養殖場在內的現代設施農業等多個領域,將納入項目庫的養殖場項目逐級遴選擇優推送給銀行機構,為養殖場提供融資對接服務。二是建立健全動物疫情防控長效機制。組織召開全國非洲豬瘟防控遠程培訓,開展巡回講座,制定《非洲豬瘟常態化防控技術指南》,明確10個方面的風險因素和防控要點。編寫現場排查、流行病學調查、疫情處置手冊,編印防控明白紙、排查簡明手冊等,充分發揮國家生豬產業技術體系優勢,組織鼓勵科研人員深入一線,指導養殖場科學防控,提升疫情防控能力。三是提高動物疫情防控設備自動化水平。健全完善動物疫病監測信息系統,運用大數據手段,定期開展疫情形勢研判。研究推廣信息化智能化入場采樣監測技術設備,避免因采樣監測造成養殖場動物疫病傳播。鼓勵引導養殖場配備紅外測溫設備,開展疫病排查,提高疫病早期發現能力。組織開展“大清洗大消毒”專項行動,督促指導生豬養殖場、屠宰場、無害化處理廠等防疫主體配備消毒設備,開展清洗消毒工作。四是完善公共衛生設施配套。鼓勵指導各地根據生豬養殖數量和動物防疫需要,布局建設洗消中心,建立健全車輛洗消管理制度。在《非洲豬瘟常態化防控技術指南》中單列“生豬運輸車輛洗消中心建設與運行規范”章節,明確洗消中心選址、布局、設施設備配置、洗消程序等要求。強化生豬調運過程監管,指導各地依托動物衛生監督檢查站點,配備清洗消毒設施設備,有效落實洗消措施,阻斷動物疫情傳播風險。五是支持開展先進設備研發。近年來,農業農村部持續加大畜牧養殖裝備研發應用,布局建立了“設施農業學科群”重點實驗室,建設了生豬等全程機械化科研基地,組建了“畜禽養殖工程專業組”等科技專家團隊,積極推動在相關國家研發專項中加大對生豬養殖裝備的研發攻關。目前,基本形成了生豬全程機械化解決方案,為規?;B殖場的疫病防控效果提供了基礎保障。同時,組織開展防控技術集成,指導科研機構加強與養殖企業合作,推廣“鐵桶式”等防控模式,落實全鏈條綜合防控措施。
 
  下一步,農業農村部將落實好現有支持政策,繼續對生豬規模養殖場建設提供金融服務;鼓勵引導科研機構和養殖企業加大對防疫長效機制、防控技術、設施裝備等方面的研究,指導規模養殖場提升動物疫病防控能力。
 
  二、關于加大對市場“豬周期”宏觀調控力度
 
  為緩解“豬周期”波動,穩定生豬生產與市場供應,農業農村部從2021年開始,探索開展生豬產能調控。一是精準調控基礎產能,守住能繁母豬底線。2021年9月印發《生豬產能調控實施方案(暫行)》,明確全國4100萬頭能繁母豬存欄量的正常保有量目標,逐級分解任務,落實“三抓兩保”(抓產銷大省、養殖大縣、養殖大場,保能繁母豬存欄量底線,保規模養殖場數量底線)分級調控措施,每月監測并反饋各省份能繁母豬存欄量,及時督促采取相應措施。二是分級建立調控基地,穩住規模豬場數量。農業農村部將13.7萬家規模養殖場保有量分解到各地,并公布掛牌了1.2萬個國家級和省級產能調控基地,各地還確定掛牌了一批市、縣級產能調控基地,穩定了規模養殖場長期發展生豬養殖的信心。三是優化完善政策措施,形成產能調控合力。督促各地落實穩定生豬生產的各項政策,保持環保、金融等長效性支持政策的延續性、穩定性。各省份積極通過提供臨時性補貼、加強金融“補血、造血”,解決養殖場戶融資難等問題。安排中央財政資金支持以生豬為主導產業的優勢特色產業集群8個、農業產業強鎮45個,建設生豬標準化養殖、屠宰加工、冷藏保鮮、冷鏈運輸、產品交易等設施,推進生豬全產業鏈建設。四是強化調控數據支撐,及時發布監測預警。2019年以來,農業農村部對全國18萬家規模豬場進行全覆蓋監測,推進生豬全產業鏈數據互聯互通、相互佐證,每月發布預警引導信息。各地也逐步建立月度、季度或不定期形勢會商機制,引導養殖場戶合理安排生產。
 
  下一步,農業農村部將繼續優化和完善生豬產能調控措施,持續強化監測預警引導,適時調整能繁母豬保有量目標,穩定長效性支持政策。同時,推動生豬全產業鏈發展,加快完善加工流通體系,更好發揮豬肉加工在調節短期市場價格中的“蓄水池”作用,平抑生豬價格波動,降低“豬周期”影響。
 
  三、關于加快規?;B殖場畜禽糞污資源化利用體系建設
 
  農業農村部高度重視畜禽糞污資源化利用工作,認真貫徹落實《國務院辦公廳關于加快推進畜禽養殖廢棄物資源化利用的意見》(國辦發〔2017〕48號),從謀劃頂層設計、健全制度體系、創新支持政策、加強監督管理、強化指導服務等方面,加快構建畜禽糞污資源化利用體系,全面推動畜禽糞污由“治”向“用”轉變。“十三五”以來,農業農村部聯合國家發展改革委、財政部積極制定支持政策,加大資金投入力度,先后啟動實施畜禽糞污資源化利用整縣推進項目和綠色種養循環農業試點,支持包括規模養殖場在內的種養主體建設畜禽糞污收集、處理與還田利用設施設備,建立糞肥還田利用基地,開展糞肥就地消納、就近還田補獎試點,支持專業化服務組織提供糞肥還田服務,調動農民施用畜禽糞肥的積極性,促進縣域內畜禽糞肥基本還田。在全國885個縣實施畜禽糞污資源化利用整縣推進項目,在251個縣(農場)開展綠色種養循環農業試點,大力推進種養結合農牧循環發展。
 
  下一步,農業農村部將聯合有關部門持續推進畜禽養殖糞污資源化利用工作,加快構建種養結合農牧循環發展新格局。
 
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